Gathering information and decision-making


In our last post about WYSAW, we want to highlight a talk given by James Floyer. James talked about gathering information and making decisions.  We are always interested in learning about others’ decision-making tools. Check it out:

The Dangerator: A tool for Estimating Avalanche Danger – James Floyer

James Floyer is one of the lead forecasters for the Canadian Avalanche Centre and helped develop a tool for estimatingavalanche hazard in areas without forecast centers.  It’s an interesting tool that when ‘verified’ to predicted danger levels in current forecast zones typically was hitting the assessed level ~70% of the time and within one level almost all of the time.  If anything it would tend to assess a higher hazard than underpredicting it. It tended to overpredict more often in the spring when the snow moved into an isothermal state.  This was not a novice tool, but any AST1 grad (CA) or level one grad (US) would be able to apply it.  Simple enough that I won’t go into explaining it:

The questions put forth for the decision steps are:

  • Critical Loading – “Do you expect roughly 30cm or more of new snow, or significant wind, or rain during the period of 24 hours prior to and up to the end of your day”
  • Critical Warming – “Do you expect a rapid rise in temperature to near or above 0°C or the upper snowpack to become wet due to strong sun, above freezing temperatures or rain?
  • Recent Loading – “Has there been loading within the past 48 hours, including roughly 30cm or more of new snow, or significant wind, or rain”
  • Slab Avalanches – “Are there signs of slab avalanches in the area from today or yesterday
  • Persistent Slab Problem – “Is there a persistent or deep persistent slab problem in the snowpack?”

More details on these decision questions can be found in Table 1 of James’ ISSW paper.



Related Posts


Stio Fernos Insulated Jacket Review

The Stio Fernos Insulated Jacket is a versatile, stylish, and rugged mid-layer. I’ve worn this jacket whileteaching avalanche courses in

A backcountry skier searches an avalanche debris field using a Mammut Barryvox S Transceiver.

Mammut Barryvox S Beacon Review

Whether I’m ski guiding or leading avalanche safety courses, the Mammut Barryvox S is my favorite avalanche transceiver. I’ve used

a full snow profile test pit requires knowledge of using the different study kit devices for your professional level 2 courses

Learn with American Avalanche Institute

Start Your Adventure

Stay Connected

Enjoy free tips and tricks from professional mountain guides, special offers and updates, and much more.

Subscribe Newsletter